CNC Tandem Press Brakes For Long Sheet Bending
CNC Tandem Press Brakes For Long Sheet Bending
A large press brake is not the only way to bend a large-sized part. Press brakes can be coupled to work in tandem, which might help increase productivity and throughput.
When might you need a tandem press brake? Any shop evaluating a need for tandem press brakes should start with understanding how they work, the proper applications for them, and any material handling options that might further increase productivity.
The answers to the following questions can help you to figure out if two press brakes are better than one large one.
1. How do cnc tandem press brakes work?
Like most single press brakes, tandem press brakes also are CNC. Ram depth accuracy and repeatability are achieved with scales and linear encoders. These components evaluate the position of the ram multiple times per millisecond and direct that information back to the CNC, which then governs the hydraulic system powering the machines. Instead of reading two scale positions for a single machine, CNC tandem press brakes read the position of four scales and adjust accordingly.
The machines can be controlled either from a single station to act as one long press brake, or they can be operated independently as two separate press brakes. Most CNCs even have an option that allows part programming to be shared across both machines.
When the press brakes are operated as a tandem set, it is critical that both machines are set up and calibrated properly. While important for single-machine setup, calibration is even more crucial for tandem brakes. This starts with the mechanical features of the machines: the bed, ram, and tooling. If these items are not properly aligned, quality bends will not be achieved. Multiple methods are available to ensure precision alignment. Reputable OEMs and rigging companies will be able to guide you through this process.
Once the mechanical features are in sync, it is imperative that both machines be functioning properly. Any problem one of the machines experiences will affect the operation of both. For instance, if a scale is misrepresenting the position of the Y1 cylinder on one side of the tandem, the tandem press brake will not be able to deliver consistency in the final bend angle across the length of the entire part. Additionally, if auxiliary components, such as backgauges and crowning devices, are employed on both machines, these will have to be working in precise conjunction with one another to ensure proper part quality.
Most of the same rules of operating single machines should be applied to tandem brakes. The first thing to keep in mind is the tonnage rating of the machine. A common misconception is that having two machines in tandem doubles the tonnage regardless of where the bend takes place. Full, combined tonnage of the machines applies only to full-length parts. Attempting to apply full tonnage of both machines across parts that don’t run the length of the machines can create issues with premature wear of components.
Additionally, exceeding the tons-per-foot rating of the tooling either will cause wear or, more catastrophically, crash punches and dies. Off-center loading of these machines also can put additional stress on components such as gibbing and cylinder seals. Use common sense to avoid problems. If an operation would create problems for a single press brake bending machine, it probably will for tandems as well.
2. What applications are best for CNC tandem press brakes?
From low-production, high-variable job shops to fabricators with a more dedicated process, tandem brakes can be the ideal tool, but it is all about the application. When thinking about adding tandem press brakes, consider the following advantages.
Flexibility. Tandem Press brakes give you the ability to provide flexibility to your customers by offering a one-stop shop for a variety of parts. For instance, if a job shop has two 500-ton, 20-foot brakes operating in tandem, it not only can produce a part up to 40 ft. long, but also employ both machines independently to double output for parts 20 ft. or less in length.
As business conditions change, job shops need to be agile and often find themselves taking on a wider variety of jobs. Tandem brakes offer the flexibility to keep future business options open.
Additionally, you might be interested in exploring the option to sync a new machine with an existing unit to provide this flexibility.
Risk Aversion. Buying a tandem press brake machine configuration allows you to potentially avoid risks. By essentially having two brakes, your shop still can produce smaller parts on one brake in the unfortunate event that one machine has downtime.
Speed. Two smaller press brakes are faster than one large press brake. While bending time might not be the most critical component in the production process (see question No. 4), higher speeds can allow shops to produce more parts.
Machine Costs. A smaller, standard machine might be cheaper than a larger, custom machine. While this is not always the case, two standard brakes might prove less expensive when evaluating the total cost of ownership.
Auxiliary Costs. The cost of an additional press brake, or tandem press brakes, is only a percentage of the total cost of the project. Before purchasing any piece of fabrication equipment, conduct a thorough evaluation of auxiliary costs. How does the transportation cost differ for one large machine relative to two smaller machines? Will special permits be required? How does the rigging cost compare for each machine type? Will additional foundation preparation work be needed for one type of configuration relative to another? What about incoming power and hydraulic oil requirements? Understanding all costs associated is the only way to accurately calculate return on investment.
3. Which applications are unsuitable for tandem pressbrakes?
Tandem press brakes are a great way to create a lot of bending length, often up to 60 ft. or more. However, with a tandem press brake set, each machine still has side housings. Most OEMs offer custom throat dimensions, but when you are bending very wide parts, the side housings still get in the way. While bending wide parts reduces the need to weld smaller parts together, you should still be aware that a tandem set with additional side housings might not be the best fit for its application.
Also, buying a tandem set means purchasing two press brakes. There are now twice as many parts that could potentially fail. Maintenance of tandem press sets is more critical, as noted previously.
4. What material handling options are available for tandem press brakes?
Do they differ from single press brakes?
Speed of the forming process might not be the most critical factor for fabricating operations considering tandem brakes. With that in mind, those interested in tandem setups need to realize that the material handling required for tandem brakes doesn’t differ from that associated with single brakes.
Transporting material to and from press brakes is often the most time-consuming part of the process. Typically, a high-production shop is doing great if it is bending 20 to 25 percent of the time. With large parts requiring a tandem set, the percentage of time spent bending metal is even lower.
As with most metal forming machines, the most commonly used auxiliary component is a crane. With tandem sets employing an additional crane might be necessary, especially when both machines are operated independently. Buying tandem brakes and producing additional parts only to be left waiting for crane time can increase labor time and add cost to jobs.
Other auxiliary components can be used, especially in production shops that use the tandems in a dedicated process. Heavy-duty positioning systems not only help move and adjust heavy steel plate, but also can be used as front- and backgauging systems. Many OEMS also offer part ejection systems that extract parts out of the end of the machines. Adding conveyors and collection tables at the entrance and exit sides of the machines can save time and money as well.
Although some auxiliary components can have a hefty price tag, you should consider potential increases in productivity and worker safety as well as labor savings when calculating the ROI for a tandem system.