How to Buy One Sheet Metal Pressbrake
How to Buy One Sheet Metal Pressbrake
How to buy one sheet metal pressbrake for your metal bending
A sheet metal press brake is used for bending steel plate. It has a frame, beams, ram, and hydraulic&servo drive.
The press brake is a very versatile type of sheet metal fabricating equipment. It is ideal for many metal forming operations with its ability to deliver force in a confined longitudinal area. Any sheet metal that can be punched or bending by other processes can be formed on a sheet press brake. The pressbrake user must make choices based on his anticipated production needs when choosing a sheet press brake. When you consider to buy pressbrake for your metal bending shop, What must be determined is the tonnage required, length of bench, stroke length, drive system, and the control system. These choices depend on the material being used, type of operation, and the required bending productivity. The metal bending pressure needed to bend metal on a press brake depends on the hardness and thickness of the metal and the width of the lower die. If you increase the width of the lower die then less pressure is needed to fill it. If you decrease the width of the die then your tonnage (striking force) requirements rise dramatically. Any sheet metal to be punched or bent can be formed on a press brake. The materials generally used on a press brake are low carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel, aluminum alloys, and copper alloys.
Press brakes are divided into two basic categories: mechanical drive systems and hydraulic drive systems. The mechanically driven press brake has a fixed tonnage and delivers more force at the bottom of its stroke than at the halfway point. Mechanical drives will cycle its ram at more strokes per minute than a hydraulically driven system of the same size. The electric motor provides power to a flywheel which stores energy and provides speed and consistency of motion to the drive shaft on a mechanical system. Mechanical press brakes have been changed to increase output and for supplying varying ram speed within a single stroke. The ram starts at high speed from the top of the stroke and automatically changes into low speed for the operating position of the stroke. At the bottom of its stroke, the ram again transfers into high speed for its return. A control mechanism provides short, medium, and long periods of time for the ram at slow speeds.
The air-friction clutch is another means of ram control on the mechanical press brake’s capability. The air-friction clutch is reliable by means of expansion of a tube to force friction shoes against a center. The air-friction clutch provides a cushioning effect which extends die life. Today a press brake operator can choose the high speed process for full cycle of the ram or he can choose fast advance, low-speed bending, and high speed response of the ram. This mechanical system increases productivity because once the speed is selected, the machine will cycle automatically. Air-friction clutch systems will have a higher degree of consistency. Ram leveling is an aid to the user because it saves time in setting up the job. It is standard on most mechanical press brakes. Ram leveling is accomplished by an independent motor linked through a worm gear drive to a pair of adjusting screws inside the rods joining the drive shaft to the press slide. Tilting adjustments are completed by split couplings and clutches that release the drive on one side of the ram. A calibrated device should be furnished at each end of the ram to show the exact position of the side.
Hydraulic press brakes are available with pressing capacities up to 8,000 tons. A mechanically driven press brake of equal tonnage will not deliver the same pressure at the bottom of their strokes, it is rated at midstroke. The hydraulic press brake delivers its rated capacity over the entire stroke. The hydraulically driven press brake’s tonnage and ram speed are variable up to the machine’s rated limits with different cnc pressbrake controllers. A hydraulic drive allows a longer ram stroke than mechanically driven equipment. The ram speed control on a hydraulic pressbrakes allows the best adjustment of the material being worked. The tonnage of a hydraulic press brake is a function of the size of its cylinders, pump, and circuit capacity. The construction of the press brake is matched to these features.
The hydraulic press brake’s fixed tonnage can’t be surpassed so the bending brake can be bottomed at full tonnage repeatedly without risk. This is the hydraulic press brake’s advantage over the mechanical press brake. The hydraulic press brake can’t be overloaded where the die or press brake is damaged. The hydraulically driven ram will stop when it reaches the selected tonnage. It can be withdrawn from any point on the job. The hydraulic press brake has a preset tonnage control. This control varies within the capacity of the machine. A light tonnage setting permits the use of inexpensive dies for light bending. The press brake will operate at a higher speed under a light setting. The hydraulic press brake allows the operator simple stroke adjustment by mounting limit switches at the desired top and bottom limits of ram travel. Every hydraulic press brake is equipped with a micrometer adjustment for setting the precise position of the ram at the bottom of the stroke. It is possible for the ram to be positioned within a thousandth of an inch. A job requiring repetition can be set up to produce identical parts in minutes. This capability is not available with mechanical press brakes. The hydraulic press brake delivers full rated power throughout its stroke and has a longer stroke than a mechanical brake which is limited in stroke length by its crankshaft design.
There are different methods to keep the ram level on a hydraulic press brake. Pressure can be exerted by two cylinders powering the ram to keep it level. There are a wide variety of leveling and tilting controls: 1. A servo electric system produces a ram tilt condition by a low voltage electric signal which is increased and fed back to one of the two variable delivery pumps. This system provides continuous correction to the ram level. 2. An electronic system uses an electronic sensing device. 3. A proportioning valve system checks the flow of fluid to the cylinders, prevents wavering, and offers continuous correction with high accuracy. 4. A limit switch uses a steel tape sensor that drives two highly sensitive limit switches through spring-loaded cams. 5. A steel tape system enclosed in a glass tube transmits data to a special level control unit. All of the above systems are used for tilting the ram when required by the type of work.
The widening of a press brake will depend on tonnage and the structure of the frame. A large press brake should be widened no more than 36 inches. If your work consists of punching and using progressive dies on wide stock in heavier tonnages then a straight side press with four-point gibbing should be considered instead of a a press brake. The straight side press will have press brake adaptability with the structural strength of a press. Ram and bed extensions add flexibility to the press brake. Extensions that are part of the original equipment are better than add-on extensions because they have the rigidity of factory installation. A press brake used for horning operations like the closing of box ends should have extensions, preferably on both sides. It’s counter productive to buy a smaller press brake and add-on extensions later. It may cause deflection in areas of the bed and ram outside the housings where die shimming will be a problem.
SMALL PRESS BRAKES/MINI PRESS BRAKES
A metal bending user should define what a small (40ton or less) press brake is going to be used for in production. The width of stock, gauge, and production volume are requirements to help determine the tonnage, width between housings, and required speed. If a small press brake is going to backup larger equipment, the user should leave himself a flexible operating range. This usually means purchasing a press brake with extra capacity to handle unknown possibilities. A press brake barely exceeding the minimum requirements is not likely to be efficient in the long run. When looking for a smaller press brake the following should be considered:
The bed should be welded to the frame not bolted. The ram and bed should be large enough to prevent deflection. Steel gearing is recommended.
It is advisable to have variable speed drives. The press brake should have a reversing switch available to the operator. If there is an air friction clutch, then clutch overload protection should be provided.
The ram adjustment, stroke, and speed of a small press brake will depend on the work involved. Other features to be considered are:
front operated back guage
two speed operation
power ram adjustment is recommended during frequent die changes or tipping of the ram for fade out work.
ram position indicators
Some small press brakes have design features and capabilities which are unique. The dieless-type press brake has two wings instead of a conventional bed. The material being formed is put over the wings and held in position by the upper forming blade with a knife edge. The blade is mounted in a hydraulically-actuated ram. The wings pivot on a hinge pin at the center of the bend radius. Moving upward to the bend radius, the wings push the metal against the stationary forming plate with a wiping action eliminating whipup. The dieless-type brake can be fitted with attachments and can make multiple bends in one operation that would requrie several steps on conventional equipment. Pneumatic press brakes are used for light work and have a cushioned action which makes them useful on draw work. These press brakes are not used for long runs except on very light stock.
METAL PRESSBRAKES SELECTION
A user should keep the following in mind when a selecting sheet press brake for bending shop. If a brake press is needed to exceed its rated tonnage periodically then a mechanical press brake may be the best choice. If a user works with dies having a high bottom section then a hydraulic press brake is recommended. Speed is an important consideration and a hydraulic press brakes doesn’t cycle its ram in strokes per minute as a mechanical press brake will of the same tonnage.
In the past, only mechanical press brakes were used in high production shops where product output per hour was important. Later hydraulic press brakes overcame the slower output rate by adjusting ram speed within a single stroke. A rapid speed, doubling the basic work speed, is used to do the work and withdraw the ram. Some hydraulic machines offer a third speed which is four times greater than the basic work speed. With this flexibility, the hydraulic press brake can achieve an output rate on long production runs close to comparable mechanically-driven press brakes.
INSPECTION OF PRESSBRAKES
The throat area in the side frames of large mechanical press brakes should bechecked for frame failure. The ram of the press brake puts great stress on the face of the throat when work to be bent is wider than the housings. The user should look for any indication of cracks, breaks, or welding to repair a break.
Check for parallelism between the bed and ram with a surface gauge. Lower the slide and zero the indicator at any point on the upper die holder and then move the gauge along the lower die holder surface. The indicator will show any deviation from parallelism. Requirements for bedram alignment may vary but generally deviations shouldn’t exceed 0.001 inches/foot. Aslide which falls considerably below this probably has a sprung frame. If the bed is bowed, dies will not match and the work won’t be uniform.
Check the gibbing for visible signs of wear and excessive clearance. Excessive clearance depends on the job. Gibs should be set for a minimum clearance in blanking operations. In draw operations with dies fitted with heel blocks it is sometimes better to set the gibs loosely. The gibs should be checked closely because they’re important in maintaining slide alignment. Gibs will also indicate the overall condition of a press brake.
Examine bearings with a jack and an indicator. Use pressure on the bottom of the ram, lift it, and with an indicator find out if there is excessive wear in the machine’s bearings. Uncover the gear boxes and inspect the gears for broken teeth or other signs of excessive wear.
UNDER POWER PRESSBRAKES
Cycle the machine and check all the controls including the inch controls. Verify what they do and what they’re supposed to do.
Listen to the meshing of gears and for any grinding or grating sounds.
Check for clutch slippage and any sounds in the clutch.
In a hydraulic machine, look for worn hose and leaks around cylinders. Also check to make sure the work lights are working.
There is no simple formula for a complete analysis of press brakes. It depends on the machinery operations involved like bending, punching, perforating, trimming, blanking, notching or other operations involving different materials. The advice and experience of your machinery dealer is invaluable in helping you make an intelligent choice.
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Now check this Hybrid pressbrakes AHYW Yawei made in China:
CNC Hybrid Press Brake machine is the latest high technology generation of Synchro press brake design, thanks to German Hoerbiger ePrAX Electro Hydraulic Hybrid system design.
Eco-friendly, 65% energy saving, Accurate,Fast, Quiet, Efficient, Durable
AHYW Main Electro Hydraulic structure of Hybrid Press Brake Machines:
AHYW Hoerbiger ePrAX hybrid system mounted directly on top of Y1&Y2 cylinders;
valves, pump,servo drive and oil tank are compactly integrated in the ePrAX.
1, Y1 servo hybrid, including tank, servo drive and valves
2, Y2 servo hybrid, including tank, servo drive and valves
3, Italy Phase servo drive for Y1&Y2 hybrid system
This systems is the consistent further development of servo driven press brake systems
from HOERBIGER. Hybrid press brake machine using one variable speed servo
motor pump to drive&control real position and bending pressure in time
AHYW Yawei Made Hybrid press brake machine 4M manufactures
DELEM DA58T CNC color graphic control with 2D offline software
5 Axis auto-controlled Y1,Y2,X&R and CNC motorized mechanical crowing table
German Hoerbiger valves and pump integrated in ePrAX hybrid system
Italy Phase servo motor&drive for hybrid system
Japan Yaskawa servo motor for X&R auto back gauge
German Heidenhain linear scale for Y1&Y2
Taiwan Hiwin made ball screw&linear guide back gauge
Wide Trumpf pressbrake finger stops moving on dual linear guide
Amada-EURO type quick released clamping
Amada-EURO hardened 88 degree top punch and 2V quick change die
Schneider main electrical components in cabinet
Wonderful foot pedal with emergency stops
This Hybrid pressbrake can get all your metal bending job done!