Large Pressbrake Adjustable V Die
Large Pressbrake Adjustable V die
Large press brake means big metal bending capacity, or longer bending metal parts, it's need longer or wider V opening to suit the sheet bending profiles; sometimes need one single longer pressing or can bending longer workpiece on a tandem press brake with a kind of adjustable V die called a multi-V die.
In fact, it is still common for press brake operators, along with operators that have been pulled from other machines to assist in setup, to spend as much as an hour or more changing very large, heavy, and often worn-out punches and dies. No doubt much of this is due to the fact that, until recently, adjustable V dies can reduce setup times and improve their productivity.
A series of dies referred to as multi-V dies, which are available from multiple press brake machine and tooling suppliers.Some models have a V-opening range from 3mm up to 150mm, while other, larger models have ranges extending up to 400mm. The concept is based on the use of a row of small, replaceable segments on the front and back of modular dies that sit atop a U-shaped base, or “saddle.” V-opening widths are established via the use of precision-machined spacers that rest between the saddle and the die segments.
To narrow the bending tools V opening, operators remove the spacers by sliding them out the ends of the dies and replacing them with spacers of a larger width. Inserting spacers of a smaller width widens the V opening. The spacers are available in versions that can be connected at the ends, so it is possible to replace them quickly on machines that are 3m and longer. After inserting a set of spacers, operators can lock the V opening in place by tightening two set screws on each die module.
Pressbrake Multi-V dies come with hardened and replaceable roller bars on the shoulders of the V openings. Being hardened prolongs service life; being replaceable prolongs die life. The roller bars reduce friction and subsequent die marking on the material. They also are designed to reduce bending force (tonnage) requirements.
Depending on the model, operators can change the die opening either by manually moving die components or by using a mechanized or fully automated system.
For instance, certain multi-V die units use a chain drive that is driven using an electric hand drill.While it still uses spacers to establish the width of the V opening, the drive system allows one operator to use an electric drill to open and close the V openings on the die segments regardless of how many segments are installed in the press brake.
This allows operators to open various die segments quickly to remove or install the spacers, and then close the segments against the spacers to set the V opening. This can be especially beneficial on long installations that involve multiple die units.
Some adjustable V dies have a CNC motor-driven system that can be programmed for specific V openings .
These kinds of dies do not require spacers. Instead, the width of the V opening is established and maintained via the CNC drive motors.
Press brake CNC Crowning System Compatibility
Because most adjustable V dies will be installed on press brakes used to bend thick plate, it normally will be necessary to address machine deflection. These dies can be used on press brakes with built-in crowning systems to compensate for machine deflection, as well as on machines equipped with crowning systems provided by tooling suppliers.
In installations that involve crowning systems provided by tooling suppliers, the bottom of an adjustable V die such as a multi-V die may, depending on the application, be designed to serve as the top of the crowning system. This helps to reduce the stackup height of all of the different components required, thus consuming less of the machine’s open height.
Most adjustable V dies can be used with a variety of crowning systems, including those that are CNC motor-driven and, in many cases, those driven by a hand crank.
As adjustable V dies are designed to remain in the press brake, they can eliminate the need for hydraulic die clamping on the crowning system. During die installation, set screws in the crowning system can be tightened to secure the die location.
When selecting a crowning system for a press brake that is going to be used to bend thick plate with an adjustable V die, be sure to consider the crowning system’s tonnage capacity on a per-meter basis. Also consider whether the average number of setups in a given year are going to justify the use of a CNC motor-driven crowning system, and if the crowning system is going to be used in a harsh environment where it would be beneficial to have a hardened load-bearing surface.
Range of Press brake V Openings
While certain adjustable V dies are available with a predetermined range of V openings, it is possible to install within certain multi-V die models a set of adjustable inserts, also equipped with hardened roller bars. The inserts can be adjusted by widening and narrowing the opening on the die. These inserts make it possible to reduce the effective range of V openings. This allows the press brake operator to bend material as thin as 20-ga. mild steel on certain die models.
In addition, some tools have a die holder available that, mounted on the adjustable die, enables the press brake operator to utilize standard (1V) dies.
Because they offer a range of V openings, adjustable V dies rarely have to be removed from the press brake. This eliminates the need for operators to move large, heavy dies in and out of the press brake via an overhead crane, jib crane, or forklift, or retrieve these heavy tools from a storage rack. As such, they make the process of changing from one V opening to another much safer.
Adjustable V Dies On Press Brake Requirements
Aside from the obvious need for a press brake to have adequate tonnage and bending length capacity for the full range of material types, thicknesses, and part geometries, a very large open height is undoubtedly the greatest need when using multi-V dies and similar adjustable V dies in a press brake.
Bending thick plate requires dies with a very deep V opening. This allows enough die penetration to form such plates to 90 degrees and to compensate for the amount of springback often present in these materials. Therefore, the V openings on some adjustable V dies are much taller than those typically on adjustable dies that use shims to establish the width of the V openings. Except in extreme cases, the additional die height helps prevent the need for additional time and steps required to bump-bend parts to 90 degrees.
With that in mind, it is very important for you to consider the following when planning to install an adjustable V die on a new or existing press brake:
Sheet metal fabricators have used precision, accurate, flexible tooling, with the ability to change out tooling segments quickly and painlessly. With some of the latest advances in adjustable V dies, the same speed, accuracy, safety, and flexibility—attributes that fabricators of light-gauge sheet metal have counted on for decades—are finally available to fabricators of heavy plate.
This aboving adjustable V die is controlled by the CNC. When a program calls for a specific die width, the die’s motor expands or narrows the die width as needed.